Iran Military Power
2019 Ensuring Regime Survival and Securing Regional Dominance Chapter 1 Introduction/Historical Overview This is a report prepared by the Defense Inteligence Agency and made public in 2019. Persia, as Iran was known before 1935, was one of the great empires of the ancient world. Its military history dates back more than 2,500 years. The country in its present form—the Islamic Republic of Iran—was established in 1979 after the Islamic Revolution. Iran is a theocratic republic with a supreme leader appointed for life as head of state and the highest-ranking political, military, and religious authority.
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